Estudio comparativo de los sistemas de refrigeración de agua. - Funcionamiento de las torres de refrigeración - Intercambiadores Sondex, Intercambiador de placas, Aero enfriadores, Torres de refrigeracion, Legionella

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Estudio comparativo de los sistemas de refrigeración de agua.

Intercambiadores Sondex, Intercambiador de placas, Aero enfriadores, Torres de refrigeracion, Legionella
Publicado por en Torres de Regrigeració ·

TECNOLOGÍAS ANALIZADAS

El "análisis realizado se centra en las tecnologías más comunes y que se reflejan en la tabla siguiente:

TECNOLOGÍA
ENFRIAMIENTO CONDENSACIÓN
Sistemas húmedos Torre de refrigeración Condensador evaporativo
Sistemas secos Aerocondensador Aerocondensador
Sistemas híbridos Aerorefredador adiabático Aerocondensador adiabático

CONCLUSIONES DESTACADAS DEL ESTUDIO
Para un solo consumo energético, las torres de refrigeración disipan aproximadamente cuatro veces más calor que los sistemas secos y el doble que los sistemas híbridos.
• Los sistemas húmedos consumen aproximadamente un 40% más de "agua que los sistemas
híbridos, mientras que los sistemas secos no consumen agua para funcionar.
• El "espacio que ocupan los equipos crece con la potencia térmica a disipar, pero la ratio de superficie (m2/MWt) disminuye. En los sistemas secos pero, a partir de 300 kWt, hay un fuerte incremento de la ratio. El "espacio ocupado por los sistemas húmedos (torres de refrigeración) es siempre inferior al de las otras tecnologías.
• La torre de refrigeración es el "equipo más silencioso, con un 9% menos de presión sonora que los adiabáticos y un 7% menos que los sistemas secos, mientras que los sistemas híbridos son los equipos que emiten más ruido.
• Los sistemas húmedos son los únicos que tienen un riesgo inherente de contaminación biológica.
El "acumulación de" agua y las temperaturas de trabajo generan un ambiente idóneo para que prolifere la legionela pneumophila si no se controlan adecuadamente los parámetros
fisicoquímicos. El canje de "agua que se produce puede llegar a generar una emisión de" aerosoles que transporte la bacteria algunos metros alrededor (si el separador de gotas no
funciona correctamente).
• Los sistemas húmedos son los únicos que necesitan un consumo continuo de productos para controlar los parámetros químicos adecuados para el funcionamiento y también para contener el
riesgo biológico.
• La "evolución de las curvas de rendimiento energético indica que en cualquier potencia, los
sistemas energéticamente más eficientes son los sistemas húmedos, seguidos de los sistemas híbridos.
• Analizando todos los costes, el sistema con torre de refrigeración tiene un ahorro económico anual importante, derivado del "ahorro energético. De todos modos, no es el más rentable económicamente, a pesar de ser el más eficiente energéticamente.

• Se detecta una disminución del parque global de sistemas húmedos (torres de refrigeración y condensadores evaporativos) instalados en Cataluña. La sustitución masiva de sistemas húmedos para sistemas secos en Cataluña supone un incremento bastante importante en el consumo energético.
• La "evolución de ventas efectuadas durante los últimos años refleja una tendencia a la disminución de las torres de refrigeración, y un progresivo incremento de" algunas tecnologías alternativas, especialmente los aerorefrigeradores
.


Descargar estudio completo (catalan)




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